In Reading Comprehension section of the TOEFL test-takers read several text passages and then answer questions. According to the results a conclusion about your English reading skills will be made: how attentively you read, how wide your vocabulary is, your summarizing and other skills.
One of the most dangerous drugs for pregnant women is alcohol. Human fetus is particularly vulnerable as alcohol is delivered quickly into the blood and passes into the tissues and membranes. Very often babies born after exposure to alcohol are said to be suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome. As a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, the alcohol is passed into her bloodstream almost simultaneously. As the fetus is connected with mother through the bloodstream, so the alcohol passes directly into the bloodstream of the fetus as well. The fact is that the concentration of alcohol in the fetus is exactly the same as in the mother. In adult’s organism liver can remove one ounce of alcohol from its system per hour. But, the fetus's liver is not completely developed (depending on its stage of development). The rate at which it is able to eliminate the alcohol from the blood of the fetus is much slower. Research has shown that as little as one drink of alcohol can produce significant, irreversible damage to the fetus. Babies born after exposure to alcohol have such diseases as facial distortion, inability to concentrate, and difficulty in remembering. So, pregnant women are strictly forbidden to drink alcohol.
Following are some Toefl sample questions on this passage:
1. What is the main topic of this reading?
A. Drinking and the human body
B. Women and drugs
C. The fetus and alcohol
D. The dangers of pregnancy
2. How much time it takes alcohol to enter a woman's bloodstream after she takes a drink?
A. several minutes
B. about one hour
C. a few seconds
D. at least 24 hours
3. According to the passage, how does the concentration of alcohol in a fetus compare to that in the mother?
A. The concentration cannot be measured.
B. The concentration is more.
C. The concentration is equivalent.
D. The concentration is less.
4. It can be inferred that the development of a fetal liver depends on?
A. how large the fetus is
B. how many months pregnant the mother is
C. how well the mother has taken care of the fetus
D. how much alcohol the mother has consumed
5. According to the passage, how is alcohol finally returned to the mother's system?
A. it is carried through the bloodstream
B. it is transferred across the placenta
C. it is expelled by the fetus's liver
D. it is not completely returned
6. Which one of the following was NOT mentioned as a sign of fetal alcohol syndrome?
A. disfigurement of the face
B. concentration difficulties
C. increased aggression
D. memory problems
7. At what place in the passage does the author discuss the quantity of alcohol necessary to produce negative results?
A. Lines 2-3
B. Lines 6-7
C. Lines 12-13
D. Lines 14-15