The term TOEFL is a word-acronym or abbreviation. Each letter in acronym is the first letter of a full word. So, TOEFL means Test of English as a Foreign Language. This test is created by ETS (Educational Testing Service), a professional test development organization, based in the USA.
The TOEFL is an English proficiency test for non-native speakers of English. It is designed for those who want to study or work in English speaking countries. TOEFL measures a person’s ability to read, write, speak and understand English. The test does not demand any background knowledge of business, economy or history; only knowledge of language is rated. Test concentrates on the formal academic English used in lectures, in normal campus life by students, professors and other college or university employees.
TOEFL scores are obligatory as admission into colleges and universities where English is used or required. Some people take the TOEFL to fulfill the requirements of a government department, licensing board, certification agency or scholarship program. Today more than 6,000 colleges, universities, and licensing agencies in 110 countries accept TOEFL scores.
Some career-minded students take the TOEFL to improve their professional prospects by demonstrating their English language proficiency to future employers in their home countries.
TOEFL is actually a difficult language exam. In process of preparing test-takers improve their English skills. Studying in a university in completely different language is strange and difficult. That’s why to conquer challenging conditions – you have to practice reading, complete many written assignments, papers and projects, and also deliver oral presentations. Everything must be done very carefully and thoroughly as you invest in your future, since all the skills tested on the TOEFL are real skills which you will need.
Test of English as a Foreign Language has three formats:
• Paper-Based (PBT)
• Computer-Based TOEFL(CBT)
• Internet-Based TOEFL (iBT)
To know more on peculiarities of each TOEFL format read an article TOEFL Formats.