TOEFL Formats
Before preparation to the TOEFL learn the basic information about different formats of the test: paper-based, computer-based and internet-based.
TOEFL Formats

Test of English as a Foreign Language
TOEFL is a test designed for students who are ready to prove that they have the ability to live and study in an English environment. Many English speaking schools and colleges require a TOEFL score from ESL students to apply to a program. The Test evaluates the student’s ability to read, speak and write in academic English. TOEFL has three formats. The most new and popular is Internet based test, but not all the test centers can offer you to pass iBT. Before preparing check what type of the TOEFL is available in your area.

Paper-Based & Computer-Based TOEFL
The computer-based test is very similar to the original paper-based. CBT was presented in 1998, but today centers in remote areas that do not have the opportunity to offer computer-based test, paper based test is still used. In listening section of CBT, students use headphones instead of a tape. CBT is also convenient as students can see how much time them spend on each question and how much time is left. In this type of TOEFL students can not go back to previous question and it contains more "types" of questions. Computer-based test also supposes a tutorial which shows students how to answer the questions properly. The total time for paper-based test is 2.5 hours, for CBT – approx. 4 hours (including tutorials).

Internet-Based TOEFL (iBT)
Internet-based test was designed in 2005 to replace both previous versions of the test. It is gradually becoming available worldwide. In comparison with paper and computer-based tests, it has such changes: the elimination of the structure section, and the addition of the speaking and writing section. One more task was added - integrated tasks that require the test taker to combine more than one skill. A goal of TOEFL iBT remains unchanged in comparison with the paper- and computer-based tests. A TOEFL iBT score measures the communication skills of those who wish to enter a schools or universities where English is the native language.

 TOEFL Format

 Paper Based Computer Based Internet Based

 Listening Comprehension
30 minutes
Part A: Short dialogues
Part B: Long conversations
Part C: Mini-lectures

 Adaptive Listening
60 minutes
Part A: Short dialogues
Part B: Conversations, Academic discussions, Mini-lectures


 Reading
60-100 minutes
3-5 passages (12-14 questions each)




 Structure & Written Expression
25 minutes
Sentence completion (15 questions)
Error recognition (25 questions)
 Adaptive Structure
15-20 minutes
Sentence completion (approx. 10 questions)
Error recognition (approx. 15 questions)

 Listening
60-90 minutes
4-6 lectures and academic discussions (6 questions each)
2-3 conversations (5 questions each)
 Reading Comprehension
55 minutes
(50 questions - approx. 5 passages)
 Reading Comprehension
70-90 minutes
( 60+ questions - approx. 6 passages)

 Speaking
20 minutes
6 tasks (2 independent, 1 integrated) 

 -- Writing
30 minutes
(1 essay topic)

 Writing
50 minutes
1 integrated task, 1 independent task