Do you think you have problems in reading English? Then you should realize that reading in English has the same principles as reading in your native language. Think, do you catch every word while reading schemes, timetables or even newspapers? Definitely no. While reading we pay attention only to objects we need and miss unnecessary ones.
The main task is to understand what you should catch and translate, what miss, in order not to miss the main idea and basic points. To be a successful and quick reader you should be well acquainted with chief reading skills used in every language.
Skimming is a process of getting only the most important information, or 'gist'. While skimming we miss information we do not need. Run your eyes over the text, noting important information. Skimming may be useful when you have a great text but need only the essential information, when you do not have enough time to study the entire document. It's not necessary to understand each word when skimming. We read our morning new-paper in a search what to read. At first we run over titles (skimming) choosing what we are interested in.
Examples of Skimming:
• The Newspaper (quickly to get the general news of the day);
• Magazines (quickly to discover which articles you would like to read in more detail);
• Business and Travel Brochures (quickly to get informed).
Scanning is used to find definite information you need. This skill is helpful when reading schedules, reference books, meeting plans. Run your eyes over the text looking for the peculiar details you require. Use scanning on schedules, meeting plans, etc. in order to find the specific details you require. When meeting unnecessary words or phrases, or words you do not understand, don't worry when scanning. The main task of scanning is to catch only some details and not to understand the whole text.
Examples of Scanning:
• The "What's on TV" section of your newspaper;
• A train / airplane schedule;
• A conference guide.
Extensive reading also does not pay attention to every word or expression. Extensive reading is useful when the main our task is to obtain a general understanding of a subject. We use this method when read longer texts for pleasure, such as fiction, novels, or business books. Using this method is effective to improve general reading skills. Do not worry if you do not understand each word. If you meet the words you do not understand, but they are essential, look them up and remember.
Examples of Extensive Reading:
• The latest marketing strategy book;
• A novel you read before going to bed;
• Magazine articles that interest you.
When you have to read a shorter piece of text, but each figure is important, then you should read more attentive trying to catch not only the main idea but not to miss anything. Intensive reading is used in such type of situation. Here you should grasp each word, figure or fact.
Examples of Intensive Reading:
• A bookkeeping report;
• An insurance claim;
• A contract.