1. Do not upset if you don't understand something in speech. Keep listening, as speaker perhaps will repeat or say something that will help you understand the main idea.
2. The main thing you have to pay attention to is key words. People speak in such a manner that key words are stressed, they are pronounced louder, longer, and higher pitched than other words. Every speaker uses some words that he thinks to be the most important in a sentence. Such words are called key words.
3. When considering the situation think about the questions: Who is speaking? What is the relationship between the speakers? What are they talking about? Where are they? How do they feel?
4. Sometimes language of body can tell us much more that the words. They will, at least, help understand the subject of speaking. So, take body language, gestures, and facial expressions into consideration.
5. Before listening, decide what the main purpose of your listening is: for general understanding of the whole lecture or conversation, or for specific information.
6. Think about the speaker's attitudes or feelings. Try to guess if the speaker is certain, uncertain, angry, happy, serious or joking. The tone of voice can be helpful in understanding someone’s feelings..
7. Do not be afraid of asking to repeat. You can use such expressions: "Could you repeat, please?" or "I'm sorry, I didn't catch that”.
8. Do not miss the chance to learn new words and expressions. Write down them, not worrying about spelling. Then look them up or ask a native speaker to explain their meaning.
9. Speaking English language is sometimes richer with picturesque words and expressions than written. Many words and expressions, such as phrasal verbs and idioms, are more common in spoken than written English.
10. English words are often shortened by native speakers. So, do not try to understand each sound. For example, speakers often use contractions (can't instead of cannot) and reductions (wanna instead of want to). Try to focus on the most important words.
11. Listen to intonation of the speaker. This will help to understand what is more important.
12. Intonation also serves to divide one thought from another.
13. Listen to songs in English. They will help you understand melodic of the language and give you a better feeling for the rhythm of the language.
14. Use closed captioning when watching English-language TV and videotapes. First listen and read the dialogue at the same time, then listen again without reading.