In computer based TOEFL you can make a choice: to write an essay with pen and paper or typing on a computer. All other tasks are made on computer.
Read below some suggestions that will help you to build your writing skills:
1. Make outlines of a read article (300–400 words). An outline must include only the major points of the article. Then use the outline to create a written summary of the information.
2. Practice to paraphrase sentences and entire paragraphs to do this frequently. It is not possible on TOEFL iBT test, just copy words from the reading passage. Learn different synonyms and practice using them.
3. Find reading and listening material on the same topic. They They will provide you with similar or different views. The Internet and the library are good places to find such information. Take notes on the reading and listening material and practice:
- Summarizing the information and ideas in both.. Summarizing is a process of condensing or expressing in short something you have read, watched or heard. A summary conveys a general sense and includes only the main points or ideas, key words or phrases, and crucial details. The objective is to write just enough – not too much and not too little.
- Synthesizing by combining the information from the reading and listening materials. Synthesize is a process of putting something together, uniting something, making something out of different parts. If you stitched a quilt together from different scraps of cloth, or built a car out of parts from a junkyard, or made a whole report of two different sources of information, you would be synthesizing.
Explain how both ideas are alike, how one idea expands upon another or how the ideas are different or contradict each other.
- Practice writing about familiar topics within a 30-minute time-limit, stating an opinion or preference and then coherently supporting it with evidence and detail.
4. As you practice, ask yourself questions such as:
Did you complete the task?
Did you write clearly?
Did you make grammatical errors?
Did you use words correctly?
Did you organize my ideas clearly and coherently?
Did you use the time effectively?
5. Monitor your own progress of your writing practice. You can also ask for feedback from friends, tutors or teachers. Teachers can use the TOEFL iBT Writing Scoring Guide to evaluate your practice. You can practice your writing skills on TOEFL Practice Online.